HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills)
Q.1. How was the taxation policy responsible for the French
Ans. (i) The French were divided into three estates—First, Second and Third
(ii) First and Second estates which formed 10 per cent of the total population
were clergy and nobles. They enjoyed all privileges.
(iii) Rest of the 90 percent population of the third estate paid all kinds of
direct or indirect taxes, member of Third estate believe that no group in
society should be privileged by birth.
Q.2. What were the causes for the empty treasury of France under
Louis XVI? Assess any three causes.
Ans. (i) When Louis XVI became king the treasury of France was empty as
most of the French kings were involved in wars which emptied their treasury.
(ii) Louis, XVI and wife Mari Antoinette were also extragrant and spent a lot
of money of treasury for herself only.
(iii) France fought a lot of war while supporting American colonies in their
war of independence against G. Britain. This also added to the cause for the
Q.3. ‘While the National Assembly’ was busy at Versailles drafting
constitution, the rest of France seethed with turmoil. State the
statement whether this is true or false.
Ans. ● It is true as when National Assembly was busy in drafting
constitution rest of France was in turmoil.
Due to bad harvest in winter, prices of bread rose to that level that
common people could not afford to buy.
People started hoarding supplies, therefore women who were standing in
long queues in bakery, crowds of angry women, stormed into the shops and
looted the bread.
Q.4. Explain any five features of the constitution of 1791, framed by
the National Assembly in France.